Orvieto is an ancient medieval town, which has a rich historical past. This is the last Etruscan city that falls into the hands of Roman Empire. This charming village is located in the central Italian province of Terni. It was built on the hilly area of Umbria, in the valley at the confluence of rivers Paliа and Chiani. 96 km south of Orvieto is the capital, Rome. About 50 km southeast of the provincial town of Terni is Orvieto. To the north, Siena is 126 km away and Florence is about 180 km.
Built by the ancient Etruscans so as to be inaccessible and impregnable, Orvieto was erected on a large bare plateau of soft volcanic tuff. At the foot of the hill is located the new part of the city and between it and the Old Town is a rack railway, which connects them easily.
Actually Orvieto is at the site of the ancient Etruscan city Volsinii Veteres. The local town was called Oinarea or in translation, "where wine is flowing." This is its nickname from the 15th century, when the city is famous for its beautiful wine.
The medieval look of the city is still pronounced. The town contains many buildings built in the 12th and 13th century. Among the many streets lined with stone flooring are quite reserved and historical monuments and architectural masterpieces. Particularly impressive is the cathedral Orvieto, which was built in 1290.
Inside it can be seen beautiful frescoes by Luca Signorelli and Fra Angelico. In the vicinity, you can see several smaller churches, including "San Giovenale" and a few palaces. Outside the city is located an Etruscan necropolis, which is also quite attractive to most visitors here.
In the spring, on March 19 is the official celebration of the city that passes with music, dance and good moods. If you come at this time of year here, you will see locals dressed in medieval robes, passing in a noisy procession through the streets.
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