Bari is an Italian city, capital of the province of Bari and Apulia region. Barry is located on the Adriatic Sea and has a population of 320, 000 people. The city is known for its high level of education.
Bari was under Roman control in the third century BC. It has evolved as an important strategic point and trading port in the east. The port of Bari has for centuries been a fishing center.
After the devastation caused by the Gothic wars, until the arrival of the Normans, Barry is under control of the Byzantines. At that time, and during the Middle Ages, Barry performs the function of one of the largest slave depots in the Mediterranean. Slaves were destined for other parts of the Byzantine Empire and some Muslim countries around the Mediterranean.
Twenty years on, Barry was the center of the Emir Barry, as it was captured by the emir Kalfun in 847. In 885 Barry became a place of residence of the local Byzantine governor. Barry became a Roman province. In 1071 the city was conquered by Robert Guiscard after a three-year siege of Bari.
In 1117 civil war unfolded in Barry. In 1246 Barry was devastated and ruined. However, the city recovered. After the death of the Queen of Poland, Bona Sforza, Barry became part of the Kingdom of Naples. Authority of the city was handed to Joachim Murat, son of Napoleon. He was named King of Naples and ordered to build a new part of town. Today this part of town called Murattiano.
Barry is the only European city in which during the Second World War, attacks have been made with chemical weapons. In December 1943, an attack was made with mustard gas, leading to several deaths. Many of the rescuers died because of their contact with the contaminated skin and clothing of victims. The whole affair was kept secret for many years after the war. Records of the attack were declassified in 1959.
Today, Barry is a modern city that attracts tourists with its ancient buildings and romantic atmosphere. Barry has four parts. To the north lies the old town, known as Bari Vecchi. There is the Basilica of St. Nicholas. The old town is the castle Swabian, and the Cathedral of San Sabino. Swabian Castle was built in the early twelfth century, then destroyed and built again.
Today the castle holds important exhibitions. Barry's Cathedral - San Sabino was built in 1034 but was demolished in the mid twelfth century. The cathedral was built anew in the late twelfth century. The building is characteristic of Roman architecture. The windows are decorated with mythical creatures. In the crypt are preserved the relics of St. Sabinus.
To the south stretches the modern heart of the city, where there are large retail outlets.
The most important museum in Barry is Pinacoteca Provincial. It was founded in 1928 and it can be seen in many paintings from the Middle Ages until today.
In Barry is a Russian church, built in the early twentieth century. It was built because of the many Russian pilgrims who come to worship the relics of St. Nicholas. The Basilica of St. Nicholas keeps the relics of the saint who was brought from Lycia. It was built in 1087. The relics of St Nicholas lie beneath the altar in the crypt.
In recent years, has begun a major renovation of the old Barry, with the construction of a new sewerage system. Two rebuilt square - Piazza Mercantile and Piazza Ferrarese. The old town attracts many tourists.
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