Pirin National Park
Walk and visit in Pirin National Park is a great delight for all lovers of natural beauty and for mountaineers. Beginning of the National Park "Pirin" was in 1962, when it was officially created.
The entire park is spread over an area of 42 000 hectares, occupied by ancient forests, amazing and beautiful marble peaks, among which are formed emerald lakes and clear streams. Pirin is the only place where you can meet protected by conservation edelweiss flower. The Nature Park is home to varied fauna - you can see wild goats, deer, bears, wild cats, wolves and many others more. other.
Pirin National Park is included in the program "Man and Biosphere" by UNESCO. The official date after which the Pirin National Park is officially listed as a World Heritage of UNESCO in 1983 after the commencement of construction of the ski area of the largest and most modern ski center in the country – Bansko. Some eight years ago UNESCO has expressed concern about the state of the Pirin National Park. Currently in the national park has planned two ski areas - Dobrinishte and Razlog Kulinoto, although this is prohibited by the Protected Areas Act and Management Plan for the National Park, which is in force until 2013.
Pirin National Park is one of three national parks in Bulgaria. Prior to forming this beautiful and rich natural area within the mountain there was Vihren National Park, which was established on 8 November 1962 to protect the forests located in the highest parts of the mountain. This forerunner of the National Park was on an area of 6200 hectares, which is much smaller than the area of the park today. In 1974 by decree of the Ministry of Forestry, it was renamed a National Park as its territory was increased significantly in order to protect a larger area of natural areas in the Pirin Mountains.
Since 1883 the National Park was named one of the areas that are with most natural meaning in Europe. The current boundaries of the park are the municipalities of Gotse Delchev, Bansko, Razlog, Simitli Kresna Strumyani and Sandanski. Within the National Park were formed two nature reserves Dupki - Djindjiritsa. Dzhindzhiritsa is one of the oldest reserves in Bulgaria. Here is reserve Ulen. Dupki - Dzhindzhiritsa is also part of the network of biosphere reserves under the program "Man and Biosphere" by UNESCO.
The most developed tourist area of National Park Pirin is the region Vihren. Largely this is due to close proximity of the area with the resort. Every year thousands of tourists visit Bansko, which in itself is a prerequisite for attendance o the area of the Natural Park. In the park area "Vihren" visitors can walk and see the rivers and shelter Banderitsa and lakes Vashilashki, Tipitski, Long, Ribno and others.
Perhaps the greatest landmark of Pirin National Park is the Baykusheva mura. This millennial tree, which is the black fir, with its age of more than 1300 years is considered one of the oldest trees in Bulgaria. Within the park area "Vihren" is Vihren, which is a challenge for amateur climbers and mountaineers.
Within the National Park is the chalet Pirin, which is one of the lowest huts in the mountain.
Located at 1640 m altitude is the area of three rivers. The building is a massive three-storey building with a capacity of 90 seats. Rooms are of 4 and 6 bed capacity. In summer there is a possibility for another 20-30 seats in tents. Pirin Chalet has water and electricity from the unit and hydro- power and heating of the stoves, it has a kitchen and dining room.
Pirin National Park is part of a movement founded in 1966, called the 100 National Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.