The great pyramid of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza are considered the oldest tourist destination in the world. Although shrouded in inexplicable secrets the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are still one of the most intriguing objects on our planet.
Dozens of archaeologists, astrologers and physicists have worked for centuries and are still working today to unravel the truth and the mysteries around the necropolis of Giza and the amazing archaeological sites that it includes. The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are the only one out of the seven wonders of the world that actually exists today.
The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, joined the so called Necropolis. Near the historic Egyptian city are actually three stone structures built with geometrical accuracy - Heops (Hufu) which is the oldest and largest pyramid, Hefren (Hafra) that seems highest because it has more platforms built or Mikerin (Menkaura) whose base is four times smaller than the other two. It is believed that the statue of the Sphinx had begun to erode even from the time of Ramses.
For about 2 centuries, the stone blocks of the pyramids of Giza were used for the construction of one of the oldest buildings in Cairo. However, this ended in the late 19th century when they began the first campaigns of the Preservation of the Pharaonic complex.
Largely this act of vandalism and disregard for the historical relic by the Egyptians is to blame for the relatively poor state of the Giza pyramids and Sphinx, which otherwise would have been preserved till today in the form in which they were built.
The largest pyramid was built for the pharaoh Hufu around 2530 BC and in the early 20th century it was considered the largest building on the planet. Countries of the Great Pyramid were directed by three degrees deviation from the cardinal points. Its base has a side length of 230 m and only shows 2.6 cm deviation from the ideal horizontal. The difference in the length of the four countries is only 5.2 cm, which are insignificant against the backdrop of its huge size.
To build the Great Pyramid of Giza it was necessary for workers to move and arrange 6.5 million tons of stone blocks. All they had on hand to help been was wood and rope. According to an analysis, the stone blocks that were used to build temples to the Sphinx were extracted from the moat, which surrounds it on three sides. Many of these blocks, some weighing over a hundred tons, are so large that they contain two or three different geological layers.
There is evidence for the existence of two ancient cities, situated next to each other under the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. The first is located in a structured way, as though it grew slowly over time. Perhaps there, lived permanent workers.
The other city is in the form of long galleries separated by streets and is located northwest of the Great Wall. For its main street is considered to be, almost like a modern street. Each gallery incorporates elements of a typical Egyptian houses, with supporting columns, common spaces and a rear kitchen. Identified are also the large quantities of bones of cattle, sheep and goats. This proves that there lived many people, probably not slaves or laborers but skilled workers. Their main food was strong and nutritious, as the menu they attended had the best meat.
There are theories according to which the pyramids were built probably from aliens. One of them is of the opinion that aliens came to earth in 10, 500 BC and built the pyramids and Sphinx, which are made with a lion's head, which corresponds to both the Orion constellation and the constellation of Leo. Thousands of years later, the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses decided that he likes the statue with a lion's head and ordered slaves to put one in his likeness.
If you decide to visit the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, it is important to know that during the day only 300 tickets are sold to the complex. It is best to arrive as early as possible, because you will take the advantage.