Scotts Bluff National Monument is is an interesting rock complex, located near the eponymous town in western Nebraska. Composed of several steep and rugged cliffs, natural landmark Scotts Bluff is on the south side of North Platte River.
Scotts Bluff is an important monument of 19th century, which stands on the historic Oregon Trail road, and Mormon Trail. The Monument consists of several rocky hills, but is actually named after the tallest of them, namely the hill of Scotts Bluff , which reaches 330 m at its highest point.
The remaining five are top Crown Rock, Dome Rock, Eagle Rock, Saddle Rock, and Sentinel Rock. They all have names from the forms to which they are assimilated.
For the first time this rock monument was discovered by an expedition of local people in 1812. The very name of the natural formation is given in honor of the fur trader Hiram Scott, who died in 1828 at the foot of the hills.
Hiram Scott was wounded and abandoned in place and before he died was able to get to the picturesque cliffs. Thus his name is charted and became a byword of this storage complex. From there onwards, thus came to be called the whole region of Nebraska and the city, located near the rocks.
Currently, this landmark of the Oregon Trail, Mormon Trail and California Trail offers visitors a unique museum with works of art by William Henry Jackson.
An interesting fact is that here passes the oldest concrete road in Nebraska. This road gives visitors the opportunity to get to the highest point of Scotts Bluff through three tunnels, which are spectacular views of the valley.
The museum near the rocks can be seen 63 of aquarelle works of William Henry Jackson. He was a photographer and artist and, between 1866 and 1867 traveling and working near Scotts Bluff.
The rock itself is designated a national monument on 12 December 1919.