Liverpool is a city located in the municipality of Merseyside in England. The city has a population of about 435 000 people. Liverpool has long been a popular tourist destination, especially due to the fact that The Beatles and other popular groups glorify the city.
Back in the fifties of the nineteenth century the town became known as the European New York because of its huge buildings. Liverpool has many institutions, including the first school for the blind, juvenile court and the Royal Society for the Protection of animals from abuse.
In Liverpool there are two football clubs from the Premier League - Liverpool and Everton. Matches between the two clubs are known as the Merseyside derby.
In 1207 King John issued a decree establishing the Town of Liverpool. By mid-sixteenth century the population of the municipality was not more than five hundred people. Initially, the municipality had only seven streets that form a neighborhood.
In the seventeenth century began a slow but steady progress - both in terms of trade, and population growth. During the English Civil War many battles were led for Liverpool, during one of them - in 1644, the city was besieged for eighteen days. At the end of the seventeenth century the town became the parish. Already in the first half of the eighteenth century the town became an important commercial port. The city spins successful slave trade from Africa that circulated in different countries. By the end of the eighteenth century, Liverpool remains one of the most powerful slave markets.
By the early nineteenth century, nearly fifty percent of world trade passes through Liverpool. At that time, the city flourished, large beautiful buildings were built. In the forties of the nineteenth century, there was a boom in the growth of population, as many Irish immigrants arrived. In the city arrived immigrants from Europe.
In Liverpool was registered the famous ship Titanic, which sank in 1912 and 1517 people died.
In 1919 a new law comes for housing, which leads to the construction of new suburban housing estates. The process continued after the Second World War, with many more new housing estates that continued to be built in suburban areas, while some of the older urban areas were also upgraded with new buildings. In the thirties of the twentieth century, came the period of the Great Depression, which caused huge unemployment problems.
During World War II over Merseyside municipality were committed eighty air raids, where over two thousand people were killed. The bombings destroyed much of the city. After the war, followed a period of rehabilitation and construction of large residential complexes took place.
Like most British industrial cities, Liverpool was home to many immigrants after World War II. In 1919 the city witnessed one of the first racial riots in the country. A white crowd protested against the black residents of the city and one negro was killed by the mob in a lynching.
In the seventies of last century, the industrial city was in decline and after ten years - in the early eighties of the twentieth century, unemployment in the city was one of the highest in the country. At the end of the twentieth century Liverpool began the process of revitalization that continues until today.
Liverpool's economy today is based largely on tourism.
In 2007 the city celebrated eight centuries since its foundation. During the celebrations in 2008, the big attraction was the mechanical spider nicknamed Princess. It is 20 meters high and weighs 37 tons.
The museum of the history of the Beatles presents interesting facts and details of the life and career of the band members. The museum will send you directly into the times of the Beatles.
The Gallery Walker in Liverpool has collected the best exhibits of fine art in northern England and is one of the most visited galleries in the city. The collection includes works of art from six centuries.
The World Museum, formerly known as the Museum of Liverpool, has assembled a collection of thousands of interesting exhibits, some of which are exhibited for the first time here. The museum has an aquarium and a center of discovery.
In Liverpool is located the Imperial Theatre, one of the largest theaters in Europe. It was built in 1866.
The Echo Arena is one of the newest landmarks.