Brno is a major economic center of the Czech Republic, as the main sector it is home to the chemical industry. Leaving part of the economic importance of the city, Brno today is one of the nicest Czech cities. It is the capital of the South Moravian Region of Czech Republic in the Southeast. Brno is located 3 hours away from the city of Prague.
Brno has about 360, 000 inhabitants in an area of 230.22 square kilometers, right where the rivers Svitava and Svratka merge. Brno is the second largest in the Czech Republic after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. It was moved to the constitutional and Supreme Court and the Supreme Prosecution Office of the Czech Republic.
There is evidence that the lands were occupied in Brno from the fifth century. For the first time it is mentioned in the 11th century and speaks of a castle, located there. The important historical Spilberk Castle, which is known as the Prison of Austria-Hungary until 1858.
Today Spilberk houses the City Museum of Brno. Visitors can see the prison rooms, corridors, watchtowers from which you can see the whole city, and the deepest well fortified in the Czech Republic whose depth reaches 114 meters below sea level.
Even today the skeleton drowned in the well was kept a prisoner in the museum. Everywhere in the castle in Brno has Spilberk works of Baroque architecture, numerous reliefs, fountains and even a water tank in one of the yards. Besides the palace being used as a museum it is often used for conducting many cultural events.
In the late 13th century Brno became the residence of the Moravian. During the Hussite revolt of Brno the country becomes the kings, and in 1454 by order of the king all Jews were expelled. Between the years of 1526-1918 Brno was the possession of the Habsburgs and became a major cultural and economic center of the area.
From 1899 Brno has had its own university - University of Technology. In 1918 the town entered into the composition of Czechoslovakia. The strong destruction of Brno during World War II provoked in 1945 the majority of Germans - about one third of the population to be expelled.
Not accidentally - South Moravia is called "the land of wine" with its hundreds of local grape varieties. Brno itself is also surrounded by many picturesque vineyards. Quite interesting and important landmarks in the country are located in the region of Brno.
One is the castle in glaciers, which is protected by UNESCO and the castle Pernstein is considered one of the most beautiful Moravian castles of the 13th century castle along with Austerlitz. About 30 km north of Brno Morava starts – the limestone region which is characterized by deep canyons, sheer cliffs and mostly with numerous caves.
Brno is populated with many very interesting and exciting attractions. The greatest interest is caused for the fortress Spilberk and Gothic cathedral St. Peter and Paul. This temple dates from the 13th century, and its two sharp peaks is considered a symbol of the city. In the whole city you can see many buildings in the renaissance and baroque style.
Brno has long been one of the major capitals of international fairs and exhibitions. The remarkable architectural structures of the 20th century buildings refer to Opera, the International Industrial Fair Tugendhat Villa (1929-1930 year). Very close to Brno is situated the town of Slavkov, known for the famous battle at Austerlitz and his Slavkov Castle.