The Wurzburg Residence
The Wurzburg Residence is a magnificent Baroque palace which is considered one of the largest and most beautiful in all of Germany. The Residence in Wurzburg is surrounded by beautiful gardens and the entire complex is bequeathed by Prince-Bishop Lothar Franz, and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn.
The Wurzburg Residence is the work of the international team of Pleiades architects and painters, sculptors, and ordinary builders who work under the direction of Balthasar Neumann.
The town Wurzburg is located in central Germany and is the center of Lower Franconia in Bavaria. Situated on the River Main, 115 km southeast of Frankfurt and 115 km northwest of Nuremberg. Wurzburg is populated with more than 135 000 inhabitants, and the incredible architecture is able to admire anyone who decides to visit this old German city.
The Wurzburg Residence is the palace of the bishops who ruled the secular episcopal state for more than 8 centuries. The bishop of Würzburg - Johann Philipp Franz von Schönborn, ordered the erection of the residence. Construction began in 1720 and was completed in 1744. It was designed by leading Baroque architects - Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt and Maximilian von Welsch.
Famous for its time, architects who helped them are, Robert De Cotte and Germain Boffrand, whose work is marked by French influence. The Wurzburg Residence is so exquisite and magnificent that it even has the nickname - Wonderful home of the parish priests in Europe - given by Napoleon.
In the royal residence in Würzburg Venetian, painter, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, assisted by his son Domenico had worked. Together they painted murals in different parts of the residence. Particularly impressive within the interior are the big pillars, chapel and great hall.
During World War II the residence suffered severe damage, but is now in the process of restoration which started in 1945 and goes on until today. So far, the reconstruction and restoration of the Royal Residence in Wurzburg has cost about 20 million.
Due to its spectacular baroque residence in Würzburg it has become a worthy rival of masterpieces such as the castle 's Cathedral in Vienna, Paris and Versailles. From 1981 recognition of the great architectural and historical heritage is included in the list of World Heritage by UNESCO.
The whole complex in Würzburg is surrounded by incredibly well arranged parks with beautiful and colorful flower beds, shrubs and trees that are all well maintained.