Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park covers an area of 800 square miles in central East Java. Anyone who loves volcanoes, has to visit the park. Here is smoke belching from the volcano Mount Semeru, which rises to 3676 m altitude.
In the park is located impressive the Tengger caldera, which is the largest in the whole of Java. In the caldera rise the volcanic cones Batok and Bromo, Bromo is still active. The air temperature at Bromo reaches five degrees. The park has beautiful lakes.
The park is a protected area as of the twenties of the twentieth century. This is an amazing place, with unique Sand Sea, situated at 2000 meters altitude. In addition to the caldera Batok and Bromo, other mountains are Watangan, which rises to 2661 m, Mt Kursi, which rises to 2581 m and Widadaren, which is on 2650 meters altitude.
The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park was called the Pearl of East Java. The park is spread among incredibly beautiful emerald hills with almost vertical inclinations that are cut for plantations, where local people grow their crops. Terraces are needed because there is not enough horizontal surfaces in the hilly area.
Resembling a lunar landscape, the caldera, formed millions of years ago and the crater of Bromo make a visit to the park a truly memorable experience. The locals are proud of their ancestry that goes far back centuries and amounts to imperial roots. Locals profess a unique blend of Hinduism and local customs.
From the village Cemoro Lawang, which is located at the end of the valley, tourists can rise to the observation deck and meet one of the most beautiful sunrises in their life. Visitors come at four o'clock in the morning to enjoy the view, but it's worth it - the view of the field, overflows of black lava and the three peaks, which sink in the fluffy diaper of the morning mist is a memory to keep forever. The view is constantly changing and is an excellent opportunity for expression of the masters of the arts.
The entrance to the volcano costs a token amount and you can explore on foot or on horseback. In the afternoon tourists will cluster around the crater of Bromo, which is six hundred meters wide. Leading to the crater are two hundred and fifty concrete steps. Near the foot of Bromo is an ancient temple that is the most often pictured building in the area. Once a year, believers from all over the island gather for the lavish fiesta Kesada, to make sacrifices to the gods for luck and prosperity.
To feel the atmosphere of the area, you can walk the corridors of lava and feel like explorers on the moon. Tourists should be aware of that night in the National Park Bromo Tengger Semeru is quite cold, so in their baggage they must have warm clothing, and a flashlight for the dark transitions.
Lunar landscapes, formed by volcanoes are very rare in Indonesia, but the park Bromo Tengger Semeru has collected if all the beauty of the island. According to locals, tourists make a big mistake when they did not walk in the park on foot and used vans for this purpose.